Website header


Grateful and Depressed - You can't be both. Or, can you? Created 5 April 2014

I make it plain here that I am no doctor, nor am I a specialised mental health practitioner. Readers are cautioned to form their own opinions from what is written here and to do their own research in order to pursue a pathway that serves their particular situation in the best possible way. Click here for another perspective on this topic.

Contrary to common belief, Depression is a 'normal' part of life. King David - a man after God's own heart - had bouts of it, as we see from this dispairing passage:

I cannot eat, I weep day and night; all day long they say to me, “Where is your God?” I will remember and weep! For I was once walking along with the great throng to the temple of God, shouting and giving thanks along with the crowd as we celebrated the holy festival. Why are you depressed, O my soul? Why are you upset? .... . I am depressed, so I will pray to you while I am trapped here (Psalm 42:3-6). In a strange way it is a bit of a relief that David was capable of being depressed. It sort of makes you feel normal. David also did not get an early release from it as we see from Psalm 43.

In life Depression seemingly happens to the best of people.

Recently a friend enquired from me via email about Depression and Christianity’s response to it. She quoted a few bloggers (see below) in what I welcomed to be a critical look at society’s common response to this “disease”. To be fair, when she first prompted me via SMS for "advice for someone who hated life", I answered "Think of what they can and should be grateful for". It didn’t ‘do the trick’ for her so what I received in response were links to three different blogs in which the authors denied the idea that gratefulness could be an effective response to depression. Thank goodness for this friend who looks at things critically – very much unlike the way most Christians listen to sermons[1]. As such, in answering these bloggers I have had to present a more thorough response. I trust it may be helpful to you too.

In his book “What Happy People Know,” Dan Baker argues that you can’t be in a state of appreciation and fear, or anxiety, at the same time. “During active appreciation,” Baker writes, “the threatening messages from your amygdala [fear center of the brain] and the anxious instincts of your brainstem are cut off, suddenly and surely, from access to your brain’s neocortex, where they can fester, replicate themselves, and turn your stream of thoughts into a cold river of dread. It is a fact of neurology that the brain cannot be in a state of appreciation and a state of fear at the same time. The two states may alternate, but are mutually exclusive.”

“However, if learned this afternoon that tomorrow would be my last day on earth, I would be immensely relieved. Psychiatry Peter Kramer explains this quandary best when he says, “Depression is not a perspective. It is a disease.” The love I have for my husband and my kids can’t and won’t stop the pain of depression. …. gratitude and appreciation can’t interrupt my mood disorder any more than they can relieve the pain of arthritis. So, while I continue to record all my blessings in my mood journal each day and say them aloud right before dinner and at bedtime with the kids, I now know that gratitude is a separate animal to my depression, and that sometimes confusing the two, especially while in a depressive cycle, can do more harm than good. So I take note of my blessings. I thank God many times throughout the day. But if, at the end of my prayer, I’m still depressed … well, that’s okay. Because, as Kramer says, depression isn’t a perspective. It’s a disease.” (sic) – Therese J. Bochard (Blogger)

“… gratitude has no bearing on how depressed I am. I’m grateful for many things: I live in a beautiful, free part of the world. I have an apartment with wood and tile floors. I have friends with which I enjoy brunch and I have two cats I absolutely adore. All good. And any day you ask me, I can tell you that I appreciate those things and my life wouldn’t be the same without them. But this doesn’t make me feel any better. One of the things people fundamentally do not understand about bipolar and depression is that many of us suffer from anhedonia – an inability to feel pleasure. An inability to feel pleasure. No matter what I do, no matter how much I may have liked it in the past, no matter how much theoretical pleasure I should be deriving from it; I do not. I do not feel any pleasure at all. Depression isn’t about attitude. It’s about a brain illness. …  gratitude is not a cure for depression any more than it’s a cure for diabetes.” (sic) - Natasha Tracy (Blogger)

First allow me to qualify my credentials. Although I amongst others studied Industrial Psychology some years ago and currently serve as a volunteer chaplain, I am neither a Psychologist nor a Psychiatrist. Whilst offering no offense to either of these professions, I often consider myself lucky that I am not qualified as either of these. Not being ‘schooled’ in modern medicine or psychology allows me to look at Scripture from an ‘unfettered perspective’. I can believe what I believe without having the need to first un-do the philosophy of many who simply do or have not believed in an all-knowing, all-capable God. So, in the end, all I am is just being a Christian who seeks for answers in Scripture. And so, where the Bible specifically addresses life issues, because I believe in it as the inspired Word of God, I consider myself better equipped than every unbeliever in dealing with these types of issues, problems and obstacles.   

... you must continue in the things which you have learned and been assured of, knowing from whom you have learned them, and that from childhood you have known the Holy Scriptures, which are able to make you wise for salvation through faith which is in Christ Jesus. (2 Timothy 3:14-15). "Salvation" in this context means good, healthy living in this life as well as the life hereafter.

Second, it is not correct to simply offer the words “Find Jesus” to someone who suffers from Depression, although Jesus certainly has something to do with the answer, as we’ll see.

Third, ‘solving the problem’ very much has to do with a correct diagnosis. “Hating life” is not the same as being “hopeless”, and hopelessness is not always the same as having “Depression”.

Fourth, medical science has defined Depression according to chemical processes in the brain (or lack thereof), as Dr. Dan Baker alludes to in his book (quoted by the blogger above)[2]. Of course, Science does not define matters as simplistically as I have done here. There are, notwithstanding of what I say, factors of a physiological and/or chemical nature that affect humans’ tendency towards mood swings, anxiety, depression and the like. It has long been suspected that marijuana use, for instance, may bring about the types of chemical and/or physiological imbalances that lead to suicidal tendencies, Anxiety and Depression[3]. These are matters understood by Science.

Dr. Baker has earned a Ph.D. in Counseling Psychology from the University of Nebraska and is a Post-Doctoral Fellow in Medical Psychology with a specialty in Stress and Cardiovascular functioning. I think he probably knows something about anxiety, depression, hopelessness and hating life.

But his work is not relevant to my personal approach towards these matters, because Dr. Baker’s perspective – like that of the vast majority of scientists in this area – is limited to that which they exclude or do not (fully) recognise, namely the fact that we find ourselves part of the spiritual dimension, which has a bearing on every human life on earth.

This is where Jesus comes into the picture; He has overcome that which is spiritually oppressive. As such, His followers may – if they chose to – rely on Him having overcome darkness, evil, obscurity and all forms of oppression. Look at what Jesus said at the very beginning of His earthly ministry - this is what He set out To Do:

The Spirit of the Lord is upon Me, Because He has anointed Me to preach the gospel to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives, And recovery of sight to the blind, To set at liberty those who are oppressed; To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord. (Luke 4:18-19). Then, later in the New Testament, Paul writes about Jesus' followers; what is their To Do list?: [I am preaching the Gospel] to the intent that now the manifold wisdom of God might be made known by the church to the principalities and powers in the heavenly places (Ephesians 10:13). So, Jesus set out to (amongst others) free people from spiritual oppression. His followers do the same by appropriating His victory over darkness. This is what Paul calls 'to make known the wisdom of God to the principalities and powers in the heavenly places'. If you are a Christian and you find it hard to hear this message (perhaps because you have learnt that the Church's job was to serve as a moral policeman or even a welfare organisation?), then I will urge you to read and re-read the passages noted above.

So, Jesus’ objective was to bring “liberty to the oppressed”, which is the kind of oppression that has little to do with socio-economic hardship. Where Jesus outlines His To Do list, Paul describes how it will be done. He speaks of a spiritual battle with that same enemy whom Jesus had overcome (Satan and his cohorts). Still later in that same book of Ephesians, Paul describes how to fulfill the Church's (and thus every Christian's) mission to make known “the wisdom of God [to the] principalities and powers in the heavenly places”; it is done by putting on the full armour of God:

… be strong in the Lord and in the power of His might. Put on the whole armor of God, that you may be able to stand against the wiles of the devil. For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places. Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. Stand therefore, having girded your waist with truth, having put on the breastplate of righteousness, and having shod your feet with the preparation of the gospel of peace; above all, taking the shield of faith with which you will be able to quench all the fiery darts of the wicked one. And take the helmet of salvation, and the sword of the Spirit, which is the word of God; praying always with all prayer and supplication in the Spirit, being watchful to this end with all perseverance and supplication for all the saints – (Ephesians 6:10-18)

If you have “heard it all before”, bear with me please – there is more. Suffice it to say that, from my perspective, the following is true:

Yet, Christians may lay claim to having the answer notwithstanding.

Christianity is predominantly a spiritual concern; birth into it is distinctly a spiritual matter, fruit is spiritual, gifts are spiritual, the domain or Kingdom in which believers operate is spiritual, sacrifices and offerings by and large are spiritual, brothers are spiritual, sisters, fathers, mothers and children are spiritual, the enemy is spiritual, the enemy’s kingdom or domain is spiritual, combat is spiritual. In Christianity, because it’s focus is on a realm that is spiritual (eternity), almost everything is spiritual.

Why is this so? Because Jesus’ victory on the cross, having not conquered anything physical (except death itself), was spiritual.

The fact that Jesus conquered death (both physical death as well as spiritual death) makes it possible for people who have been spiritually born again to 1) enter eternity being fully equipped for it, and 2) have their dead bodies renewed to life when He comes again. Further, it makes it possible for these people (born again Christians) to reap some of the benefits of spiritual rebirth whilst still living on this earth. One such benefit is called “deliverance”. Another is called “the renewing of the mind”.

Indeed, where Anxiety or Depression equate to spiritual oppression the ‘condition’ should be addressed in two ways: 1) Deliverance, and 2) A renewing of the mind.  

Whilst Anxiety and Depression are two vastly different conditions, because of their adverse effect on quality of life and for the sake of ease, unless either is singled out, I’ll use the term Oppression to refer to them. So, understanding where Oppression has come from may very well serve as the pathway to being released from it. To recap, we have touched on three main sources for Depression:

What does it mean to renew your mind? To read and re-read the Bible till you understand what God is teaching you through it and till you come to believe that He means what He said. What types of verses can help you in terms of renewing your mind concerning this particular topic? Click here.

What does it mean to be delivered from evil influence? Evil spirits are persons without physical bodies. Deliverance is to cancel the effect that spiritual persons without bodies has on your life by appropriating Jesus' victory on the cross. This type of spiritual oppression may have been brought upon you by yourself through wrong decisions or ignorance (dabbling in the occult, drugs, witchcraft, etc.).

I have written a piece on related issues, which you may read here.

Despite my own experience, I do not believe that a mature believer always needs a 'specialist' to be praying for them in order to be set them free from spiritual oppression. Notwithstanding, this was in fact the case with the early Apostles where even Paul's hankerchiefs were used to set people free from "evil spirits": Now God worked unusual miracles by the hands of Paul, so that even handkerchiefs or aprons were brought from his body to the sick, and the diseases left them and the evil spirits went out of them. (Acts 19:11-12)

Interestingly, the idea of evil spirits oppressing people never was disputed in Jesus' time, as the passage above bears witness to. Even in Old Testament times there is reference to evil spirits. One passage in particular springs to mind. It is the passage from which Jesus quoted from noted above:

“The Spirit of the Lord God is upon Me, Because the Lord has anointed Me to preach good tidings to the poor; He has sent Me to heal the brokenhearted, To proclaim liberty to the captives, And the opening of the prison to those who are bound; To proclaim the acceptable year of the Lord, And the day of vengeance of our God; To comfort all who mourn, To console those who mourn in Zion, To give them beauty for ashes, The oil of joy for mourning, The garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness; That they may be called trees of righteousness, The planting of the Lord, that He may be glorified.” (Isaiah 61:1-3)

Apart from the promise (through faith) for comfort in times of brokenheartedness, sadness and personal trauma, did you notice the term "garment of praise for the spirit of heaviness"? In plain English it simply means ''Through praise you will cast off the heaviness of Depression. It means, 'through praising (and being grateful) you can have a different perspective on life'. Or, you may say, 'though praising and being grateful every day you can cast off spiritual oppression because your focus will return to the power of God over all and away from your own powerlessness within your own unique circumstances or situation. Note, this is not just gratefulness or praise in general terms. It is a praise of God for His greatness, and a gratefulness to Him for His provision.

It has to be in relation to what God has already done and how He relates to you by loving you personally. It cannot be simply 'being grateful' as the title of this article suggests, although, for unbelievers, and to Dr. Dan Baker’s point above, that may still be helpful.

In a study[7] by the U.S. National Centre for Biotechnology Information, a strong link was found between Hopelessness and Depression and the desire to end life in terminally ill patients. This should be of interest to us as we consider the link between Depression and Hopelessness. The latter - Hopelessness - is in many ways the forerunner to Depression. Thus, if we can address Hopelessness, we can to some extent deal with Depression as well.

Hopelessness can loosely be defined as suffering from a lack of meaning or future value.

Depression can loosely be defined as suffering from a depressed mood or lack of pleasure.

In the New Testament, probably, the most helpful passages in relation to this topic are found in Paul's reference to the armour of God, which underlines the spiritual context in dealing with Depression. Still, the faith to trust in or hope for an eternal life with Christ is what brings this life on earth into perspective:

When we read and re-read the Bible, over time our perspective starts changing from a temporal perspective (life on this earth only) to an eternal perspective (life hereafter in addition to life on this earth). So great is the difference when we finally 'GET IT' that Paul calls people who haven't (yet) got it "the most pittiable of all men". Therefore, the focus is not you or your circumstances, but on the fact that the battle has already been won (for this you need faith[10]) and that you have already been counted on the eternally 'right side of the argument'.

Thus, Paul specifically speaks about the need to have hope in order to live a successful life (refer "faith, hope and love" of 1 Cor 13). In the book of Ephesians, as mentioned above, he speaks of the need for the servant ('soldier') of God to have on "the helmet of salvation". But it is his letter to the Thessalonians that brings this question into sharper focus: But let us who are of the day be sober, putting on the breastplate of faith and love, and as a helmet the hope of salvation. (1 Thessalonians 5:8). Therefore, the "helmet of salvation" really is "the hope of your salvation". It is a shift in perspective to a life eternal and what has already been accomplished by Jesus.

Paul makes it clear that without hope towards eternal salvation - something that is accomplished though the renewing of your mind by Scripture - the servant of God is deeply exposed to spiritual attack for which he or she will be completely helpless. It is no stretch to see that not having your mind renewed through Scripture means that you're not fitted with the "helmet of hope".

Science suggests that not having hope is the same as inviting Depression. So, in terms of a spiritual source to Depression, the first defence to Hopelessness and Depression is the reading and re-reading and praying about Scripture so that God can change your understanding about how things work, how to avoid Oppression and how to get rid of it should you suffer from it already. This may very well mean you will learn to forgive and let go of past hurts and injustices. It may mean that you will develop a loving heart towards the purpetrator(s), which is that which brings vitality to your life[15]. Without it (the helmet of hope) Satan finds it easy to sell lies and false arguments that get believers and non-believers alike trapped in desperate, dire feelings of doom and hopelessness. Thus, the choice remains ours to put on the helmet of hope.

The second defence against Depression is to realise that you are under spiritual attack. If this was not so, you may rightly call the Apostle Paul a lier: For we do not wrestle against flesh and blood, but against principalities, against powers, against the rulers of the darkness of this age, against spiritual hosts of wickedness in the heavenly places. Therefore take up the whole armor of God, that you may be able to withstand in the evil day, and having done all, to stand. (Ephesians 6:12-13). This is where you may choose to praise God and thank Him for His goodness. You may not feel like it, but doing this is akin to a "sacrifice of praise" that David, Jonah and others speak about[11]. Because it is 'the garment of praise that deals with the spirit of heaviness'.

The third defense against Depression is to practically use your faith in prayer to drive away such evil thinking[8] and evil Oppression, which Satan sends. It is the same kind of prayer and authority (through faith) which Paul and Peter used to drive out (and drive away) whatever evil spirit had oppressed born-again believers at the time: Now God worked unusual miracles by the hands of Paul, so that even handkerchiefs or aprons were brought from his body to the sick, and the diseases left them and the evil spirits went out of them. (Acts 19:11-12)

The fourth defence against Depression is to not foolishly presume your own strength in having overcome evil spirits in the past. Thus, not to take lightly Jesus' warning[9] that those (believers) who clean out their house and leave it 'unattended' or exposed (those who are not vigilant, sober), will be devoured: Be sober, be vigilant; because your adversary the devil walks about like a roaring lion, seeking whom he may devour. Resist him, steadfast in the faith, knowing that the same sufferings are experienced by your brotherhood in the world. But may the God of all grace, who called us to His eternal glory by Christ Jesus, after you have suffered a while, perfect, establish, strengthen, and settle you. To Him be the glory and the dominion forever and ever. Amen. (1 Peter 5: 8-11)

In the end, you can be grateful and Depressed at the same time. But, as a born again believer in Jesus Christ, you don't have to be. We have a choice. On the one hand you can try to figure it out by yourself. On the other hand you can simply follow what Scripture says, even if you do not fully understand why it says what it says. If this is your choice, have your mind renewed, put on the helmet of hope, do praise God for His greatness, do thank Him for what He has done for you, do forgive - yourself and others, do get rid of anger, resentment and bitterness, do believe, do trust God.

... clothe yourselves with tenderhearted mercy, kindness, humility, gentleness, and patience. Make allowance for each other’s faults, and forgive anyone who offends you. Remember, the Lord forgave you, so you must forgive others. Above all, clothe yourselves with love, which binds us all together in perfect harmony. And let the peace that comes from Christ rule in your hearts. For as members of one body you are called to live in peace. And always be thankful. Let the message about Christ, in all its richness, fill your lives. Teach and counsel each other with all the wisdom he gives. Sing psalms and hymns and spiritual songs to God with thankful hearts. (Colossians 3:12-16, NLT)

Footnotes:

[1] Test all things; hold fast what is good. (1 Thessalonians 5:21) [back]

[2] Dan Baker Consulting, Inc. [back]

[3] National Institute on Drug Abuse: A number of studies have linked chronic marijuana use and mental illness. High doses of marijuana can produce a temporary psychotic reaction (involving hallucinations and paranoia) in some users, and using marijuana can worsen the course of illness in patients with schizophrenia. A series of large studies following users across time also showed a link between marijuana use and later development of psychosis. This relationship was influenced by genetic variables as well as the amount of drug used, drug potency, and the age at which it was first taken—those who start young are at increased risk for later problems. Associations have also been found between marijuana use and other mental health problems, such as depression, anxiety, suicidal thoughts among adolescents, and personality disturbances, including a lack of motivation to engage in typically rewarding activities. More research is still needed to confirm and better understand these linkages. [back]

[4] Marijuana use during pregnancy is associated with increased risk of neurobehavioral problems in babies. Because THC and other compounds in marijuana mimic the body’s own endocannabinoid chemicals, marijuana use by pregnant mothers may alter the developing endocannabinoid system in the brain of the fetus. Consequences for the child may include problems with attention, memory, and problem solving. [back]

[5] “When an unclean spirit goes out of a man, he goes through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’ 25 And when he comes, he finds it swept and put in order. 26 Then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter and dwell there; and the last state of that man is worse than the first. (Luke 11:24-26) [back]

[6] And when He had come into the house, the blind men came to Him. And Jesus said to them, “Do you believe that I am able to do this?” They said to Him, “Yes, Lord.” 29 Then He touched their eyes, saying, “According to your faith let it be to you.” 30 And their eyes were opened. And Jesus sternly warned them, saying, “See that no one knows it.” (Matthew 9:28-30) [back]

[7] Depression, hopelessness, and desire for hastened death in terminally ill patients with cancer. Conclusions: Desire for hastened death among terminally ill cancer patients is not uncommon. Depression and hopelessness are the strongest predictors of desire for hastened death in this population and provide independent and unique contributions. Interventions addressing depression, hopelessness, and social support appear to be important aspects of adequate palliative care, particularly as it relates to desire for hastened death. (link) [back]

[8] And you He made alive, who were dead in trespasses and sins,  2 in which you once walked according to the course of this world, according to the prince of the power of the air, the spirit who now works in the sons of disobedience, (Ephesians 2:1-2) [back]

[9] “When an unclean spirit goes out of a man, he goes through dry places, seeking rest; and finding none, he says, ‘I will return to my house from which I came.’ 25 And when he comes, he finds it swept and put in order. 26 Then he goes and takes with him seven other spirits more wicked than himself, and they enter and dwell there; and the last state of that man is worse than the first. (Luke 11:24-26) [back]

[10] So then, faith comes by hearing and hearing by the word of God (Romans 10:17) [back]

[11] Sacrifice of prayers references in the Bible. Click here. [back]

[12] ... the team observed that social behavior not conforming to an individual’s values evoked feelings of anger when carried out by another person or feelings of guilt when the behavior stemmed from the individuals themselves. The fMRI scans of each volunteer could then be analyzed to see which parts of the brain were activated for the different types of feeling being expressed. Of particular interest to Dr Zahn were the brain scans relating to feelings of guilt, as these have particular relevance to his current work on depression. “The most distinctive feature of depressive disorders is an exaggerated negative attitude to oneself, which is typically accompanied by feelings of guilt,” he said. “Now that we understand how the brains of healthy individuals respond to feelings of guilt, we hope to be able to better understand why and where there are differences in brain activity in people suffering from, or prone to, depression. “The brain region we have identified to be associated with proneness to guilt has been shown to be abnormally active in patients with severe depression in several previous studies, but until now its involvement in guilt had been unknown." (link) [back]

[13] Research studies on the link between anger and depression have indicated either an increase in outwardly directed anger or a greater degree of suppressed anger in patients with depression (Luutonen 2007). Epidemiological studies have found depression to be associated with an increased risk of violent behaviour (Swanson 1990), including towards a spouse (Pan 1994; Feldbau-Kohn 1998). Koh and colleagues (2002) found that patients with depression demonstrated a greater amount of total anger and anger expression than patients with anxiety disorders, somatoform disorders and healthy controls. A study by Schless et al (1974) of in-patients with depression showed that the degree of anger correlated with the severity of depression, but that the patients expressed anger outwards or turned it inwards in equal numbers. Anger and hostility were found to diminish with effective antidepressant treatment (Fava 1993).

Other studies support the notion that anger directed towards the self is linked with depression. Becker & Lesiak (1977) found that in clinic out-patients, severity of depression correlated with covert hostility, including guilt, resentment, irritability and suspicion, but not with overt hostility. Wolfersdorf & Kiefer (1998) showed that, compared with healthy controls, in-patients with depression had increased levels of inhibited aggression and covert hostility, but did not express aggression. Goldman & Haaga (1995) found increased anger, suppressed anger and fear of expressing anger in self-reports of out-patients with depression compared with controls without depression. Patients in part feared retaliation or rejection if they expressed anger. Brody and colleagues (1999) found more suppressed anger in individuals recovered from depression than in healthy controls, along with an increased fear that expressing anger could damage relationships.

All of these studies suggest that anger is a prominent feature of depression. As noted above, both expressed and suppressed anger can be a source of conflict and become self-directed. Therefore, it is important to understand and address how anger and depression may interact. (link) [back]

[14] ... even as Christ forgave you, so you also must do. (Colossians 3:13). 25 “And whenever you stand praying, if you have anything against anyone, forgive him, that your Father in heaven may also forgive you your trespasses. 26 But if you do not forgive, neither will your Father in heaven forgive your trespasses.” (Mark 11:25-26) [back]

[15] A sound heart is life to the body, But envy is rottenness to the bones. (Proverbs 14:30) [back]

[16] Prospective relations between rejection and depression in young adolescents. "The purpose of this longitudinal study was to examine the relations between rejection and depression across 3 years in young adolescents who varied with regard to their risk for depression. The sample consisted of 240 adolescents who were assessed in grades 6, 7, and 8. The assessment of rejection was based on adolescent-, mother-, and teacher-report, and depression assessment was based on adolescent- and mother-report and clinician ratings. Structural equation modeling indicated that rejection prospectively predicted depression. The authors did not find that depression prospectively predicted rejection, but such a relation cannot be ruled out because of strong cross-sectional correlations between depression and rejection." (link) [back]

[17] Theoretical and Empirical Connections Between Forgiveness, Mental Health, and Well-Being: Our review of the literature on forgiveness and mental health suggests that theory and empirical work are at a beginning point. Vast arrays of theoretical and theological positions exist regarding the relationship between forgiveness and mental health. Empirical evidence, while sparse, is growing in support of the notion that forgiveness may have a salutary effect on mental health. (link) [back]

(TOP)

Evereyday Believer USA shop icon

Please consult the Bible and test what is written here. Ask the Lord to give you wisdom in this area. Keep that which is good and reject that which is not Scriptual. Should you come to a different understanding than I please let me know - perhaps I can learn from you.

Copyright protected © 2009 - 2017
I support Give Your Gift logoChrist Currency logo